Becoming a Certified Professional Accountant or CPA

The work of a Certified Public Accountant (CPA) or for the purposes of this article, a Certified Professional Accountant, requires involvement in a broad range of accounting, auditing, tax, and consulting activities. Most positions for a Certified Professional Accountant require a minimum of a bachelor’s degree in accounting or related field, and will often require or prefer a master’s degree in accounting, or at least some course work in an accounting master’s degree program.

A Certified Professional Accountant must reach the (CPA) status through CPA certification. This involves a number of recommendations and requirements in order to receive certification. As of early 2005, based on recommendations made by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants (AICPA), 42 States and the District of Columbia require CPA candidates to complete 150 semester hours of college course work, which is an additional 30 hours beyond the typical four year bachelor’s degree program. Another five States have adopted similar legislation that will go into effect between 2006 and 2009. The only States not requiring 150 semester hours are Colorado, Delaware, New Hampshire, and Vermont. Because of the Nation’s response to this trend, the majority of institutions of higher education have altered curriculum planning accordingly, with most programs offering master’s degrees as part of the 150 required hours.

To become a Certified Professional Account and receive CPA certification, individuals in all states are required to take a four part, Uniform CPA Examination prepared by the AICPA. This two-day examination is extremely rigorous and detailed. Approximately 25 percent of individuals who take the exam each year pass every part they attempt. Candidates that take the CPA examination are not required to pass all four parts at once, but most States do require that those taking the exam pass at least two parts for partial credit, and are required to complete all four sections within a certain period given by the State in which certification is sought. The CPA exam is computerized, and is offered quarterly at many different testing centers throughout the nation. The majority of States also require applications for CPA certification to also have work experience in the field of accounting.

Once CPA certification has been received, a Certified Professional Accountant has many career options available. Certified Professional Accountants may choose to be self employed, or may seek employment with banks and credit unions; government agencies; businesses; nonprofit organizations; accounting firms; auditing firms; and a variety of other areas. Based on the individual Certified Professional Accountant, it is possible to advance within a corporation or accounting department quite rapidly. Certified Professional Accountants that have inadequate preparation, or those that are not adequately detail oriented, for example, may find career advancement very difficult.

A Certified Professional Accountant may perform a variety of job duties. Certified Professional Accountants generally perform a broad range of accounting, tax, and consulting services for their clients. Some may choose to specialize in different areas, such as auditing or forensic accounting, which involves investigating and interpreting white collar crimes such as securities fraud and embezzlement, bankruptcies and contract disputes, and other complex and possibly criminal financial transactions, including money laundering by organized criminals.

An entry level Certified Professional Accountant will generally maintain records of routine accounting transactions, and may also assist in the preparation of financial and operating reports, including trial balances, adjustments, and closing entries. The entry level Certified Professional Accountant may also assist in the analysis and interpretation of accounting records for use by the management team.

The intermediate Certified Professional Accountant prepares and maintains accounting records, not only for general accounting, but may also work with costing and budget data, as well as examine, analyze and interpret accounting records for the purpose of giving advice or preparing statements. An intermediate Certified Professional Accountant often acts as a lead to lower level employees in the accounting department.

A senior Certified Professional Accountant generally establishes, interprets, and analyzes complex accounting records of financial statements. This might also include general accounting, costing, or budget data. The senior Certified Professional Accountant usually also examines, analyzes, and interprets accounting records for management.

A Certified Professional Accountant with CPA certification who is just starting out in the field may begin their career with a firm, with job duties entailing work with several clients. Those who excel may work to become supervisors, managers, or partners; transfer to executive positions in management, auditing or consulting; or may open their own firms.

In general, a Certified Professional Accountant or CPA has a great amount of occupational mobility and career flexibility, as well as an ability to move up, move around, and earn a very comfortable living, either through employment by a firm or through being self-employed with their own firm. The position of a Certified Professional Accountant is most often a stepping stone for bigger, future career moves. Most Certified Professional Accountants eventually choose to shift into management accounting or internal auditing. It is much less common for a management accountant or internal auditor to shift their career and become a Certified Professional Account.

Advantages of Going to Overseas Job Consultants

Many are dreaming of pursuing their dreams abroad. They believe that they can build better future for their families if they go and get a job on a different country. Although they can already apply directly online, most of them still prefer to go through overseas job consultants for so many reasons.

First of all, these legit consultants would tell you the right requirements needed in order to process your papers faster. They would give you a list of things that you have to submit which are needed by the company. Some of these important papers include your passport, birth certificate, marriage certificate if you are already married, diplomas, and other documents that would prove your work experiences. It would also help you get a job if you have certifications about the different programs and seminars that you finished which are all related to your chosen field.

You will not also experience any hassle when it comes to processing your papers. The overseas job consultants would actually do the work for you. Of course you just have to pay a little for the processing fee but it is worth the money since they would be the one to pass your papers to the employer.

Another advantage of having overseas job consultants to process your application abroad is that they could assure that you will have a legit and a nice company that will give you all the essential benefits as well. And in case something went wrong with your relationship with the employer at the other country, the consultant where you passed your documents can immediately be contacted. They would also negotiate with the employer or the country’s embassy at the same time.

You can rest assure that you will enter the other country in a legal way as long as your consultant is legit as well.

Search Engine Consulting Firms – Why They Are Necessary For Your Online Business

Today, online competition has become tough for many businesses. It’s hard to stay ahead of others and remain strong and competitive when you know that there are a lot of online businesses that are already performing better than yours. However, there’s only one secret to an outstanding online presence and performance, and that is excellent SEO – something that only a good search engine consulting firm can give.

Search engine consulting firms are known to provide huge benefits to various online businesses. Most of them are equipped with the necessary techniques and strategies that ensure not just more traffic to the web but also quality targeted traffic. Good consulting firms believe that targeted traffic is more important than generating more traffic, for what is a good amount of traffic if this traffic is not interested in buying your products or services? Driving hundreds of visitors that are not really relevant to the site only overloads the web server without giving the expected returns. Targeted traffic, on the other hand, provides visitors that are more likely to purchase products and services that are offered.

To generate targeted traffic, these firms can help you come up with the most appropriate and relevant keywords to your website. They can also help you decide on the appropriate methods that generate huge traffic to your site, from blogging and content writing to social bookmarking and directory submissions. They use the newest and best tools available online to help you promote your website 100 times faster than you probably can manually. With their help, your website will be indexed in major search engines and will become visible to your target readers.

Aside from these, many search engine consulting firms can also help your website become more attractive and user-friendly by recommending the necessary changes on different website elements, which may include additional content and copywriting and site navigation changes. They can help you update your website with content that will help you turn your website traffic into loyal customers.

Search engine consultants employ the most appropriate search engine optimization techniques and strategies as these are what your business needs to start generating excellent returns. They also guarantee that your keywords are competitive, your website has good content and that it has excellent rankings in various search engine result pages.

To achieve these, you need to find the most appropriate and legitimate consulting firm that will efficiently work on your website and help you generate better business results. It is necessary that you determine what your business really needs and what kind of services you want from them. You also need to determine your budget. Search engine consultants charge monthly fees as they continue to work on your website. Whether you’ve recently ventured into an online business or have been doing it for quite a while, hiring a search engine consulting firm will always be a wise move to make most especially if you do not have enough time to invest in your website promotion.

Strategic Planning Consulting – Three Reasons it Might Be Right For You

Strategic planning is used to determine where a company wants to go, how it plans to get there, and how to recognize when the goals have been met. There are many different approaches that can be taken. In some cases a goals-based plan is most helpful, while in other cases there may be more of a need for an issues-based or even scenario-based approach. In many cases, a corporations strategic planners may already have a good idea of what needs to go into the plan. However, in other cases it can be helpful to leverage the assistance of an experienced strategic planning consultant. Here are three reasons why a strategic planning consulting might be right for your company.

Inexperience With Strategic Planning

If this is the first time your organization has conducted a big strategic change, it is likely that some assistance could be helpful. Although you might know the details of your business and goals, a consultant with strategic planning experience will be able to help you develop a workable plan that will help you achieve them. By acting as the facilitator, the consultant will be able to work with your planning team to achieve the best possible results.

Leveraging an Outside Viewpoint

In some cases, the leaders of a corporation may be too close to the issues or too intimately involved with the company to provide an objective outlook. Working with a senior consultant can provide a fresh objective approach to the issues at hand.

Leveling the Playing Field

Working with a consultant can also be helpful when there are many different personal opinions within the company in regards to the proper course of action. Those inside the organization might be hesitant to express their opinions or fully participate in the planning when an inside facilitator is used. By using a consultant as the planning facilitator, everyone on the team can feel free to participate.

For advanced strategic planning consulting using the Six Rings Model, check out the management consultants at Leading Resources, a firm helping leaders and leading organizations thrive in times of accelerating change.